menurut saya umroh ialah berkunjung ke Baitullah untuk melaksanakan Thawaf, Sa’i dan Tahallul dalam waktu yang tidak ditentukan, untuk mencari keridhaan Allah SWt.
Umroh disunahkan bagi setiap muslim yang mampu. Pelaksanaan dapat dilakukan kapan saja kecuali tgl 10 Zulhijah dan hari-hari Tasyrik tgl 11,12,13 Zulhijah.
Umroh saat bulan Ramadhan sama dengan melakukan Ibadah Haji.
-UMROH DI BAGI MENJADI 3 YAITU:
1. Umrah Mufradah
2. Umrah Tamattu'
3. Umrah Sunah
3. berakal sehat
-TAHAPAN UMROH-TAHAPAN UMROH
1. Berangkat menuju Miqat.
2. Berpakaian dan berniat Ihram di Miqat.
3. melakukan Shalat sunat ihram 2 rakaat jika memungkinkan.
4. Melafazhkan niat Umroh.
5. Teruskan perjalanan ke Mekah, dengan membaca Talbiah sebanyak-banyaknya dan mematuhi
larangan saat ihram.
6. Melakukan Tawaf sebanyak 7 putaran.
7. Melakukan Sa'i antara Bukit Safa - Bukit Marwah sebanyak 7 kali.
8. melakukan Tahallul atau menggunting rambut.
-ISTILAH PADA IBADAH UMROH
Aqabah : salah satu tempat pelemparan jumrah, dengan nama jumrah Aqabah.
Arafah : Tempat jamaah haji melakukan Wukuf yang di lakukan pada tanggal 9 dhulhizah.
Arbain : Kegiatan shalat wajib 5 waktu yg berturut-turut selama 8 hari.
-RUKUN DAN WAJIB UMROH
1. Ihram : keadaan seseorang yang telah beniat untuk melaksanakan umrah.
larangan saat ihram:
1. Tidak boleh memotong dan mencabut rambut, memotong kuku,dan menggaruk kulit sampai terklupas.
2. Tidak boleh menggunakan parfum, termasuk parfum yang ada pada sabun.
3. Tidak boleh bertengkar.
4. Tidak boleh bermesraan.
5. Tidak boleh berhubungan suami isteri.
6. Tidak boleh berkata yang tidak baik.
7. Tidak boleh menikah atau menikahkan.
8. Tidak boleh berburu binatang atau membantu berburu.
9. Tidak boleh membunuh binatang (kecuali mengancam jiwa),dan mencabut tumbuhan.
10. Tidak boleh ber make-up.
11. Pria tidak boleh : memakai penutup kepala, memakai pakaian berjahit, dan tidak boleh memakaialas kaki.
2. Tawaf : suatu ritual mengelilingi Ka'bah sebanyak tujuh kali sebagai bagian pelaksanaan umrah.
Adapun syarat-syaratnya adalah :
1. Suci dari hadast.
2. Suci badan/pakaian/tempat tawaf.
3. Menutup aurat.
4. Bermula pada sudut Al-Hajarul Aswad dan berniat Tawaf jika Tawaf Wada'/Sunat/Nazar.
5. Menjadikan Baitullah di sebelah kiri dan berjalan ke hadapan. (berlawanan dengan arah jarum jam jika dilihat dari atas)
6. Berjalan bertujuan Tawaf, bukan bertujuan lain.
7. Cukup 7 kali keliling dengan yakin.
8. Dilakukan dalam Masjidil Haram dan di luar dari Hijir Ismail/Syazarwan.
Tawaf pun dibagi menjadi beberapa jenis yaitu :
1. Tawaf Rukun.
2. Tawaf Qudum.
3. Tawaf Wada'.
4. Tawaf Sunat.
5. Tawaf Nazar.
Ada beberapa sunah-sunah tawaf diantaranya :
1. Berjalan kaki.
2. Berittiba' bagi Tawaf diiringi dengan Sa'ie (Lelaki)
3. Melakukan Ramal (Berlari-lari anak) bagi Tawaf yang diiringi dengan Sa'i
4. Istilam Hajarul Aswad dan Mengucupnya/Istilam Rukun Yamani dan tidak
5. Membaca Zikir dan Doa.
6. Berturut-turut 7 kali keliling.
7. Tawaf dengan Khusyuk/Tawadhuk.
8. Sembahyang Sunat Tawaf.
3. Sa'i : salah satu rukun umrah yang dilakukan dengan berjalan kaki menuju Bukit Shafa ke
Bukit Marwah sebanyak 7 kali.
4. Tahallul : tahallul yaitu dengan mencukur atau memotong rambut sedikitnya 3 helai rambut.
-tahallul di bagi menjadi dua yaitu:
1. Tahallul Awal
2. Tahallul Sani/Qubra
5. Tertib :menjalankan umroh dengan tertib.
1. Niat Ihram di Miqat
2. Meninggalkan larangan selama Ihram
-Hukum menunaikan ibadah Umrah ada dua yaitu:
1. Wajib :jika melakukann umrah untuk haji
2. Sunnah : jika melakukan umrah selain ibadah haji
Hockey is not exactly known as a city game, but played on roller skates, it once held sway as the sport of choice in many New York neighborhoods.
“City kids had no rinks, no ice, but they would do anything to play hockey,” said Edward Moffett, former director of the Long Island City Y.M.C.A. Roller Hockey League, in Queens, whose games were played in city playgrounds going back to the 1940s.
From the 1960s through the 1980s, the league had more than 60 teams, he said. Players included the Mullen brothers of Hell’s Kitchen and Dan Dorion of Astoria, Queens, who would later play on ice for the National Hockey League.
One street legend from the heyday of New York roller hockey was Craig Allen, who lived in the Woodside Houses projects and became one of the city’s hardest hitters and top scorers.
“Craig was a warrior, one of the best roller hockey players in the city in the ’70s,” said Dave Garmendia, 60, a retired New York police officer who grew up playing with Mr. Allen. “His teammates loved him and his opponents feared him.”
Young Craig took up hockey on the streets of Queens in the 1960s, playing pickup games between sewer covers, wearing steel-wheeled skates clamped onto school shoes and using a roll of electrical tape as the puck.
His skill and ferocity drew attention, Mr. Garmendia said, but so did his skin color. He was black, in a sport made up almost entirely by white players.
“Roller hockey was a white kid’s game, plain and simple, but Craig broke the color barrier,” Mr. Garmendia said. “We used to say Craig did more for race relations than the N.A.A.C.P.”
Mr. Allen went on to coach and referee roller hockey in New York before moving several years ago to South Carolina. But he continued to organize an annual alumni game at Dutch Kills Playground in Long Island City, the same site that held the local championship games.
The reunion this year was on Saturday, but Mr. Allen never made it. On April 26, just before boarding the bus to New York, he died of an asthma attack at age 61.
Word of his death spread rapidly among hundreds of his old hockey colleagues who resolved to continue with the event, now renamed the Craig Allen Memorial Roller Hockey Reunion.
The turnout on Saturday was the largest ever, with players pulling on their old equipment, choosing sides and taking once again to the rink of cracked blacktop with faded lines and circles. They wore no helmets, although one player wore a fedora.
Another, Vinnie Juliano, 77, of Long Island City, wore his hearing aids, along with his 50-year-old taped-up quads, or four-wheeled skates with a leather boot. Many players here never converted to in-line skates, and neither did Mr. Allen, whose photograph appeared on a poster hanging behind the players’ bench.
“I’m seeing people walking by wondering why all these rusty, grizzly old guys are here playing hockey,” one player, Tommy Dominguez, said. “We’re here for Craig, and let me tell you, these old guys still play hard.”
Everyone seemed to have a Craig Allen story, from his earliest teams at Public School 151 to the Bryant Rangers, the Woodside Wings, the Woodside Blues and more.
Mr. Allen, who became a yellow-cab driver, was always recruiting new talent. He gained the nickname Cabby for his habit of stopping at playgrounds all over the city to scout players.
Teams were organized around neighborhoods and churches, and often sponsored by local bars. Mr. Allen, for one, played for bars, including Garry Owen’s and on the Fiddler’s Green Jokers team in Inwood, Manhattan.
Play was tough and fights were frequent.
“We were basically street gangs on skates,” said Steve Rogg, 56, a mail clerk who grew up in Jackson Heights, Queens, and who on Saturday wore his Riedell Classic quads from 1972. “If another team caught up with you the night before a game, they tossed you a beating so you couldn’t play the next day.”
Mr. Garmendia said Mr. Allen’s skin color provoked many fights.
“When we’d go to some ignorant neighborhoods, a lot of players would use slurs,” Mr. Garmendia said, recalling a game in Ozone Park, Queens, where local fans parked motorcycles in a lineup next to the blacktop and taunted Mr. Allen. Mr. Garmendia said he checked a player into the motorcycles, “and the bikes went down like dominoes, which started a serious brawl.”
A group of fans at a game in Brooklyn once stuck a pole through the rink fence as Mr. Allen skated by and broke his jaw, Mr. Garmendia said, adding that carloads of reinforcements soon arrived to defend Mr. Allen.
And at another racially incited brawl, the police responded with six patrol cars and a helicopter.
Before play began on Saturday, the players gathered at center rink to honor Mr. Allen. Billy Barnwell, 59, of Woodside, recalled once how an all-white, all-star squad snubbed Mr. Allen by playing him third string. He scored seven goals in the first game and made first string immediately.
“He’d always hear racial stuff before the game, and I’d ask him, ‘How do you put up with that?’” Mr. Barnwell recalled. “Craig would say, ‘We’ll take care of it,’ and by the end of the game, he’d win guys over. They’d say, ‘This guy’s good.’” Tribute for a Roller Hockey Warrior